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Venous Valves of the Lower Extremities - Treatment for Venous Insufficiency Buffalo Vein Treatment Center 716-839-3638
Thursday, July 18, 2013


Alberto Caggiati MD has written a nice article in Phlebolymphology volume 78 about the anatomy of vein valves in the lower extremities. To access the article click on the link


The article describes the distribution of valves in the superficial veins, deep veins and perforating (perforator) veins of the lower extremities. The author also explains the role of these vein valves in the pathogenesis of venous insufficiency.


To read about superficial venous reflux disease read the following:


To read about perforator venous reflux read the following:


To read about treatments for venous insufficiency read the following:


To schedule treatments for venous insufficiency call Dr Karamanoukian at 716-839-3638 or contact us y email @



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